Science & Tech

Levity's Labor's Lost

Several times during the 20th century, genius inventors discovered and developed a variety of elegant methods to nullify gravity.

By Robert A. Nelson

Mainstream academia and industry often scoffed at the results, with the result that these creations faded into obscurity until they became available again via distribution on the internet. A sampling of what some of those inventors developed are described below.

Edward Farrow: Condensing Dynamo

In the first decade of the 1900s, Edward S Farrow perfected a simple mechanical device which nullifies gravity. He demonstrated his so-called "Condens­ing Dynamo" at the 1926 World's Fair. Farrow never patented the invention, however, and today the only details that remain were published in The Technical World Magazine (November 1911), excerpted here: "...Mr Farrow suspended a book from a pair of scales in his laboratory and weighed it. The volume tipped the scales at 18 ounces. To the book he attached a mechanical device in the shape of a small rectangular box, which he calls a 'condensing dynamo' and applied power from a neighboring electrical switch. A most re­markable thing then occurred. As the current set the wheels in the dynamo whirling, the indicator of the scales slowly receded until it stopped at 15 ounces. Apparently, the book had lost 3 ounces of its weight -- in other words, one-sixth of the power of gravitation between the book and the earth had been overcome.

"The invention is based on the intensification of Hert­zian waves. it has been learned that by doing this a parallel and corresponding intensification occurs with the vertical force which controls gravitation. Thus buoyancy is added to an object held to earth or pro­pelled towards it by gravity.

"It has been found that the mechanical devices for controlling electricity also apply to gravity, regulat­ing or intensifying the force of this attraction of for­eign objects to earth. By intensifying the motion of the electrical waves through the supposed ether there will develop components in all directions. If this force or motion acts vertically, it will by the law of reaction diminish a force such as gravitation act­ing downward toward the earth. For want of a better name, Mr Farrow calls this force, when acting upward, a "vertical component" and the name is well chosen. "Mr Farrow's mechanical device increases the force of the Hertzian wave and this increased power is trans­mitted to the "vertical component". The latter thus intensified, offers a proportionate resistance to grav­itation and the force of the latter is reduced, thus giv­ing buoyancy to any object to which the condensing dynamo may be attached...

"[T]here is produced a horizontal, circular, flat sheet, so to speak, of Hertzian waves which radiate outwardly..." Some investigators have speculated that the field was produced by a horizontal ring of spark gaps which generated a planar field that distributes the weight over a wide area of the gravitational field by its inter­action with the geomagnetic field.

Luigi Rota : Aero Radio Ballistique

Luigi G. V. Rota (1886-1951) was an Italian scientist who worked with early radar technology until he dis­covered the Universal Current. His subsequent work was directed to development of instruments for the detection, collection, concentration, control and appli­cation of the current and its three telluric forms.

The Universal Current flows a few meters beneath the earth and generates a field in the atmosphere. Rota was convinced that all matter is composed of con­densed Universal Current, and that any metal can be dissolved to slowly release that energy. He constructed laminated metal blocks which he buried to detect and collect the current for conversion to electricity. He also found that it affects gravity, and between 1910-1915, he developed a “Stabilisiteur” that floated weightless. “The device works by opposing the magnetic and elec­tric field of the earth rendering the device weightless”, he said. After he made a public demonstration of the amazing machine, he was lauded in the French press as "Jules Verne in action".

Rota considered the UC to be a fundamental energy, of which electromagnetism was a byproduct. It is the source of all physical phenomena including life. The UC controls the manifestation of all matter, which is composed of UC and can be decomposed into it.

As described in his French Patent FR508472 ("Pro­cess and Apparatus to Maintain a Body in Suspension in the Air, Based on the Electric and Magnetic Forces"), the apparatus consisted of "a series of cylinders unit­ed by means of reciprocal transformers and connect­ed to a battery, accumulator or dynamo so that each cylinder is connected to the opposite pole of the adja­cent cylinder by coils having such an inductance as to prevent the wave circulating in the battery circuit.

Rota describes a rotating cylinder element in his Brit­ish Patent GB129059 ("Apparatus for detecting the proximity of mines, submarines, icebergs, &c."): "The cylinder has insulated windings connected through brush and ring contacts with a sensitive galvanome­ter, and may be rotated by a flexible shaft and bevel gear..."

French Patent FR508472 ("Process and Apparatus to Maintain a Body in Suspension in the Air...")

He described a rotating cylinder element again in his British Patent GB128624 ("Apparatus for the Concen­tration of Electric Waves in a Single Direction or upon a Fixed Point"), in which "the cylinders are made with parallel wires with an intermediate inductance."

In the 1970s Dr. William Hooper developed an "All-Elec­tric Motional Field Generator" (US Patent US3656013) involving cylinders wound with parallel wires. The re­sultant field penetrates Faraday cages and modifies gravity. Perhaps the two inventions are related.

Henry Wallace: Kinemassic Force Field

In the 1970s Henry Wallace discovered the so-called Kinemassic Field (KF), which he generated by count­er-rotating masses of half-integral spin nuclei material (copper, zinc, lead, tin, nickel, &c.). These are the same elements utilized by Louis Rota in his levitator, being used in the same way -- counter-rotating masses -- to neutralize gravity.

Wallace received three patents for his invention : US3626605 ("Generating a Secondary Gravitation­al Force Field"); US3626606 ("Generating a Dynamic Force Field"), and US3823570 ("Heat Pump").

Therein he explained his discovery in terms of modern physics that might help us understand the phenome­na produced by Rota.

"The kinemassic force field is generated as a result of the relative motion of bodies of elemental nuclei characterized by half integral "spin" values... The nu­cleons in turn comprise the elemental particles of the nucleus; i.e., the neutrons and protons... The value of the kinemassic force field... is the algebraic sum of the fields created by reason of the dynamic interac­tion of both elementary particles and of the discrete bodies... The kinemassic field causes the spin nuclei axes to reorient parallel with the axis of rotation and results in a field of summed dipole moments that form a secondary dynamic interaction with the surrounding materium.

"By spin nuclei material is meant materials in nature which exhibit a nuclear external angular momentum component. This includes both the intrinsic spin of the unpaired nucleon as well as that due to the orbital motion of these nucleons...

"The thus reoriented nuclear structure may lend itself to such uses as modification of the gravitational field acting on a body... generating of gravity waves for communication and other energy transfer.... in addi­tion to utilization in many, many other fields..."

Edgar Hollingshead: Odic Activity Ray

Another intriguing method of overcoming gravity was discovered and developed by Dr Edgar Hollingshead in the 1920s -- the Odic Ray, which also produced several other astounding phenomena such as disintegration and transparency.

This invention was never debunked as a hoax. It sim­ply drifted in the ocean of information after the inven­tor died. Perhaps (probably), however, it has been de­veloped in top secrecy. Fortunately for our inquiring minds, Dr. Hollingshead explained his discoveries at length in an article he wrote for the magazine Radio Journal (May 1923): "The Odic Ray -- It's Origin and Nature". It is quoted here at length lest any crucial fac­toids be edited out of existence:

"Some years ago I became convinced that matter did not depend upon physical properties for its weight, but upon the speed of the atoms making up the mole­cules, and I began searching for a process by which a force could be generated that would be high enough in point of speed to change the atomic speed of matter. Knowing that it would be impossible to release or gen­erate such a force out of any form of matter, I turned my attention to the study of the nature of electricity and other natural forces.

"Believing that man could not conceive of a force unless there were something moving, I therefore be­lieved that all forces must be made up of substance in motion. The substance that forms the natural "body" of forces of so-called laws of nature is not matter in the sense that the term is ordinarily used, but a sub­stance so fine and vibrating at such a high rate of speed that it cannot be comprehended by any faculty of man excepting his reason. Thus, considering the na­ture of electricity, reason tells us that we must have a substance traveling at a very high rate of speed, and that this substance must be governed and controlled by the same principles that govern all substance or matter. There must be one general principle governing the formation of substance throughout the universe. In other words, the substance or body of electrici­ty, termed "amperage", must be made up of infinitely small eddies of force -- the same as ordinary matter is.

"As is well known, in matter we have three distinct classes of eddies of force, which seem to be a perfect counterpart of a solar system. We have, namely, the molecule, made up of electrons, also traveling in or­bits; and the electron has been found to be made up of still smaller particles, also traveling in circular pro­gression. Thus, we have three distinct phases of force in matter. We also have three distinct phases in action in the body or amperage of electricity. The world is more or less familiar with the positive and negative sides or phases of electricity, but I have proved by ex­perimentation that there is a dominant or third phase in all forces. That is, there is a positive, a negative, and a dominant or solar manifestation, and these three phases of force are at definite distances apart in the point of speed, and their relationship is like 3, 6, and 9 on a rule. [ It is worth noting here that John Keely and Nikola Tesla both insisted on the importance of the 3:6:9 ratio.]

"Considering electricity or any of the so-called natural forces of nature from this standpoint, we find that we have in reality two forces in one: -- we have a rectilin­ear action and also a rotating action in all forces. We can illustrate this action by considering a stream of water. Suppose we have a stream of water flowing at 20 miles per hour; the atoms making up the molecules of this water are traveling in circular progression at thousands of miles per second. This same condition I have proved to be existent in the nature of electricity, and I have also proved that these eddies of force mak­ing up the body or amperage of electricity can be bro­ken up and the force corresponding to the electronic force in matter released. This force I have given the name of "Odic Activity", due to the principals involved in releasing or generating the same.

"I have found that the rate of speed of Odic Activity can be changed; its polarity reversed, and its direc­tion of discharge controlled, as I have changed its rate all the way from where it would affect a photo­graphic plate the same as ordinary light clear up to a point where it has disintegrated matter the instant it touched it. The only difference there can be be­tween one ray and another is its difference in speed, plus a possible difference in polarity or character. "Hence, it will be seen that since the polarity or char­acter of the Odic Ray can be altered or changed, it is possible for it, when properly aligned, to duplicate any of the "rays" or rates of force known, between ordinary light and the point of disintegration of matter. This range or rates of force will encompass the X-Ray, the Radium rays, the Ultra-violet rays, and various rates that are known but which have not been named. [Got Terahertz?]

"As all matter is known to be formed of molecules, at­oms and electrons, or of infinitely small particles of substance traveling at great speed in circular progres­sion, reason proves to us that matter does not depend upon physical properties for its weight, but does de­pend upon the speed of these particles of substance, which sets up or causes a resistance to the flow of a force of nature passing into the earth. And as the predominating force that is known to be traveling into the earth is called "gravitation", the atomic speed or force stored up in these minute eddies of force must be resisting gravitation, -- thus causing what we call weight.

"With this hypothesis in mind, I found that by the use of the Odic Ray the degree or speed of these eddies could be altered, and this resistance changed, thus changing the weight of matter. In over a hundred dif­ferent tests, I have changed the weight of practically all of the base metals, having changed aluminum ap­proximately 20%. And to prove that the principle was correct, I have reversed the process and increased the weight back to normal, and to heavier than normal, thereby proving beyond a question of doubt that the weight of objects depends upon atomic force and not upon physical properties..."

Popular Science magazine featured a photograph of the Odic Ray Generator in March 1922.

The accompanying caption read, "Discovery of “Odic Rays” of high penetration produced simply by the electric current drawn from an ordinary light sock­et, and yet with the curative and medicinal value of X-rays, is claimed by Dr. Edgar L. Hollingshead, of Pas­adena, Calif.

"With simple, inexpensive apparatus he is reported to have passed rays through 11-1/2 inches of lead and 4-1/2 inches of steel, at such strength as to sear den­tal X-ray films encased in tinfoil...

"Doctor Hollingshead’s claims are based on tests made in the presence of eyewitnesses who selected at random the films exposed to the rays, retained the duplicates, and developed the two simultaneously in the presence of an unprejudiced committee. After ex­posure, these films were found to be perceptibly dark­ened.

"Doctor Hollingshead declares that... electricity is a substance. Amperage is the substance of electricity, and voltage is the speed. The form that material sub­stances takes is due to their rates of atomic speed."

Hollingshead first intensified its atomic speed (volt­age), then "broke it up to release the Od". The Odic Ray also caused hard clay to explode, and it made rocks transparent. Metal was caused to become "perma­nently cold beyond the possibility of ever becoming heated", and water instantly disintegrated into hydro­gen and oxygen.

Dr Hollingshead elaborated further about the Odic Ray in an interview given to the Syracuse Journal (NJ) in January, 1922:

"Ten years ago I came to the conclusion that matter did not depend upon physical properties for its weight, but that weight is determined by the atomic speed of matter. "It is accepted as fact that matter is an aggregation of molecules. Now, molecules are eddies of force, travel­ing in circular progression. These in turn are formed of still tinier particles similarly in motion, called atom­ic speed. Atoms are composed of electrons and ions, which have been split up and found to be composed of still smaller particles.

"I concluded, therefore, that there is no such thing as a solid, but that what we call a solid is in reality a seeth­ing mass of whirling force.

"The only way in which force can manifest itself is through resistance to other force, principally gravity -- which we call weight.

"Gravitation is force coming from the sun; the nega­tive, levitation, is force returned from earth to sun. The weight of an object is the degree of resistance matter imposes in the path of these two forces, and the de­gree of resistance in turn is dependent upon the speed of the circular eddies of force of which matter is com­posed.

"My experiments have been to find a way of generating force that would alter the speed of these whirls called matter so that I could change its degree of resistance to either gravitation or levitation and thus its weight...

"The Odic Activity Ray will affect a photographic plate or disintegrate matter, depending upon the wave length, which can be altered... It can be directed and focused... It has been generated to penetrate 16 inch­es of metal, and yet not harm the hand that encircles it.

"We have decreased the weight of aluminum, for in­stance, 20 per cent; then made it heavier than normal. And every base metal has responded to some degree, the change being instantaneous and permanent until again treated."

Dr. Hollingshead received two Canadian patents for a dynamo: CA145749 ("Armature for Dynamos"); CA145750 ("Dynamo-Electric Machine"). No mention of the Odic Ray is made therein, but they might con­tain clues.

In 1931, Hollingshead self-published a booklet with the title, "Triune Brotherhood Project and Its Message To You : The Triune Brotherhood and How it Is Pro­posed to Use a Rediscovered Ancient Process Known as the Odic Ray To Establish a Great Movement for the Uplift of Mankind".

Today, circa 2017, Mankind, et al., have moved on to tyranny instead.

Viktor Grebennikov : Cavity Structural Effect

Viktor S. Grebennikov (died 2001) was a Russian sci­entist, naturalist, and entomologist, well-known as the discoverer of Cavity Structural Effect (CSE). In the 1990s he designed and built an anti-gravitational plat­form based on bionic principles found in insect wings, and flew it at speeds up to 25 km/min.

Grebennikov made his discovery in 1981 while collect­ing insects for study at the Institute of Agricultural Chemistry:

"I was about to throw a piece of ethered cotton wool into the jar and then cap it, when a light little cocoon jumped up at me.

"It was oval-shaped, rather dense and non-transpar­ent. One of the little "prisoners" in the jar must have pushed it. Cocoons can't jump on their own! But the cocoon proved me wrong. It jumped up one more time, hit the glass wall and fell down. I took it out and put it into a separate test tube. I looked at it through a bin­ocular microscope at home and I have found nothing special about it. It was a cocoon like any other, about 3 mm long and 1.5 mm wide. Its walls felt strong to the touch as they should. But the cocoon energetical­ly jumped when lit or warmed by the sun but, it was quiet in the dark. It could jump 30mm lengthwise and, what I found even more remarkable, up to 50mm high. As far as I could tell, it flew smoothly, almost without tumbling. No doubt, the larva of the insect was re­sponsible for the movement. But it was impossible to see how it did it.

"Jumping ahead, I can tell you that the cocoon finally produced a male insect of the Ichneumon family, the Batiplectes anurus species. It is beneficial for agricul­ture because its larvae parasitize the alfalfa weevil... Grebennikov later found a stronger manifestation of the bio-gravitational effect in another insect, which he refused to identify:

"Why am I not disclosing the particulars of my discov­ery at this time? Firstly, because one needs time and energy for proving the truth. I have neither. I know how daunting is this task from my own bitter experience of trying to get recognition for my previous discoveries, including such an obvious one as the Cavity Struc­tures Effect...

"The second reason for my "non-disclosure" is more objective. I have found these anti-gravitational struc­tures only in one species of Siberian insects. I dare not even naming the class to which this insect be­longs, because it seems to be on the verge of extinc­tion and the population surge, which I had registered back then, was possibly local and final. Now, what would be the guarantee that dishonest people, half competent in biology, would not rush out to ravines, meadows and forests to catch perhaps the very last samples of this miracle of nature, if I were to name the genus and the species? What are the guarantees that they would not plough up hundreds of glades and cut down dozens of forests to get to this potentially lucrative prey? Therefore, let all I have related in this chapter and in the addendum remain science fiction. May nature herself never reveal this secret to them...

"I was examining the chitin shells of insects under my microscope in the summer of 1988 along with their pinnate antennae, the fish-scale microstructure of butterfly wings, iridescent colors, and other inven­tions of nature. I became interested in an amazingly rhythmical microstructure of one large insect detail. It was an extremely well-ordered composition, as though stamped out by factory equipment according to special blueprints and calculations. As I saw it, the intricate sponginess was clearly unnecessary either for the strength of the part, or for its decoration. I have never observed anything like this unusual micro-orna­ment either in nature, in technology, or in art. Because its structure is three-dimensional, I have been unable to capture it in a drawing so far, or a photograph. Why does an insect need it? Besides, other than in flight, this structure at the bottom of the wing case is always hidden from the eye. No one would ever see it proper­ly. Was it perhaps the wave emitter using "my" multi­ple cavity structures effect? That truly lucky summer, there were very many insects of this species and I would capture them at night. I was not able to observe these insects neither before, nor later.

"I placed the small, concave chitin plate on the micro­scope stage in order to again examine its strangely star-shaped cells under strong magnification. I again admired this masterpiece jewel work of nature. I was about to place a second identical plate with the same unusual cell structure on its underside almost pur­poselessly on top of the first one. But then!

"The little plate came loose from my tweezers, hung sus­pended above the other plate on the microscope stage for a few seconds, then turned a few degrees clockwise and slid to the right, then turned counterclockwise and swung and only then it abruptly fell on the desk.

"You can imagine what I felt at that moment. When I came to my senses, I tied a few panels together with a wire and it wasn't an easy thing to do. I suc­ceeded only when I positioned them vertically. What I got was a multi-layered chitin block and I placed it on the desk. Even a relatively large object, such as a thumbtack, would not fall on it. Something pushed it up and aside. When I attached the tack on top of the "block", I witnessed incredible, impossible things. The tack would disappear from sight for a few mo­ments. That was when I have realized that this was no "beacon," but something entirely different...

"Look at these pictures. This is my rather simple de­vice in assembly. A flexible cable inside the steering column transmits the movement from the left handle to the gravitational louvers. I lift off or land by joining or parting these "wing cases"...

Bernays Johnson: Anti-Gravity Wave

Bernays Johnson also figured out this great mystery, but the secret was lost again after his death. A tiny article in Modern Mechanix magazine (January 1929) is all that remains to pique our curiosity:

"Radio Waves Keep Airship Aloft -- Propellers and en­gines are not needed to fly the model airship of Ber­nays Johnson, who is shown with his craft at the right. A powerful radio wave which neutralizes the pull of gravity is the force which keeps the ship aloft. John­son experimented for ten years before he succeeded in discovering the principle of his anti-gravity waves. The ship can be controlled from within itself or from the ground. It was exhibited at the recent Boston radio exposition."

The historical examples offered above seem to have applied a form of energy that remains unidentified though widely recognized. It appears to be a funda­mental cosmic energy, and people have given it many names. Rota called it "Universal Current"; Hollings­head named it "Odic Rays". It is otherwise known as "Orgone" (Wilhelm Reich), "Prana", "Chi", "Ka", "Ether", etc. Whatever it is, the stuff plays no part in conven­tional science and technology, and the study of it is disdained as fringe, crackpot, and/or heretical. There has been no methodical, open source examination of the glaring question: What The Fornication?

It appears obvious that somehow during the 20th cen­tury we were cheated out of an amazing world of pos­sibilities. Hopefully some brainiacs will figure this out in an open-source manner for the benefit of all man­kind and the planet, rather than the unjust enrichment of a few million psychopaths, ultimately culminating in mass extinction. At present we have little idea of what we are missing, but if we somehow survive ourselves for so long, perhaps some century soon we shall solve this problem and get on with the fundamental human business of conquering the Universe for fun and profit.